If you’re looking to make money growing an industrial or textile crop in the USA, hemp is one of the best options to choose. This crop is totally legal to grow, and the market is worth billions and expected to continue booming. No matter whether you intend to harvest hemp for grain, seeds or to make CBD oils, the method of growing it doesn’t change. If you think hemp farming could be for you, check out our helpful beginner’s guide.
Where to Grow Hemp
One of the main advantages of hemp as a crop is that it can thrive almost anywhere apart from deserts and at high altitudes. However, hemp grows best in warm climates with rich, well-drained earth. So, it’s best to avoid planting hemp in wet or soggy soil or areas with high rainfall. Ideally, you should look for fertile ground without too many weeds.
It’s recommended that you have the soil tested before you start planting to make sure it doesn’t contain high levels of sulfur, potassium sulfate, and rock sulfate. If it does, this will need to be controlled first. The best time to carry out soil testing is at the end of the autumn or the beginning of spring.
It takes around 108-120 days to cultivate a crop of hemp. So, you should plan to plant it during a period when the conditions are likely to stay reasonably stable throughout this period.
How to Sow Hemp for CBD Oil
Before you plant hemp seeds for CBD oil or any other purpose, you should till the soil first. This is especially important as there are no available herbicides suitable for use when growing hemp. You should make a shallow bed to allow you to sow all your seeds at the same depth as you would if you were planting a crop like alfalfa.
You can sow hemp seeds straight in the soil where you want the crop to grow. There is no need to start your plants out in pots and then transplant them. You shouldn’t plant hemp seeds until after the usual date of the last frost, and it’s important to be sure that the soil temperature will reliably remain at 50 degrees Fahrenheit or more. If you live in the US, this is most likely to happen sometime between May ad June. This promotes germination and increases the yield potential of your crop.
You should sow hemp seeds quite close together, leaving a gap of at least 4 inches between each one. You can choose the gaps depending on how much space you have and how much hemp you want to grow. Sow in rows of 15-30 inches and plant roughly 25-35 pounds of seed per square acre. If you prefer to use a machine, you won’t need any specialist equipment to sow hemp. Devices such as grain drills or corn planters should work just fine. Once you’re done, you should roll and pack the earth.
How to Tend Your Hemp Crop
It’s important to make sure you irrigate your hemp seeds. This is especially key during the first six weeks after planting. While hemp plants generally cope well in dry conditions, they are more likely to be damaged straight after planting.
Can I Use Pesticides?
There are federal regulations controlling the use of pesticides in crop farming. However, some states have stricter rules in place, so it’s important to be aware of these before using any herbicide, fungicide or other pest-control chemicals. You can find out what the regulations are in your area at the National Pesticide Information Center.
Growing Organic Hemp
Hemp is an ideal plant for organic growth because it is doesn’t need much extra nutrition and generally resists pests and disease pretty well. It also tends to grow faster than any weeds in its environment, so you shouldn’t need to cultivate it to the same degree as many other organically-grown crops.
How to Harvest Hemp
Your hemp plants should be mature in around 90-100 days. You will notice the seed heads becoming fully developed starting from the bottom of the plant. Once they are ready, they will open and leave the seeds exposed, which means you can dry them out naturally in the air. This usually happens after around 100-120 days. At this point, your hemp plants are mature enough to harvest.
It’s fine to use a standard combine to harvest your hemp crop, so you won’t need to invest in any specialist equipment. You could also consider using a rotary combine featuring a draper header to harvest your crop. It’s important to only harvest hemp when the grain has a moisture content between 12-18% or you could have problems with fiber wrapping. You should also cut the hemp plants underneath the grain heads to stop fiber from clogging up your combine. If you don’t use organic farming methods, you should get around 1,000 per acre of land. If you farm organically, you should expect a smaller yield of approximately 500 pounds.
If you want to harvest the fiber, you should do this 1-2 days after collecting the grain. Even better, wait until next spring. You should make sure that the fiber contains no more than 15% moisture before gathering it into bales. You should be able to collect a yield of around 1-3 tons for each acre.
Storing and Processing Hemp
Make sure that there is no foreign material in the hemp before you store it. It’s important to make sure it is aired out thoroughly to stop it from rotting. Hemp grain should contain no more than 9% moisture when you put it in storage. You can achieve this by drying it on a belt conveyor our auger. No matter how you choose to dry the seeds, make sure you do it slowly or the seeds could crack.
Making Money from Hemp
Depending on how you choose to use your crop, you could make anywhere from $130 to as much as $730 in profit for every square acre you farm. You can maximize your profits by using every part of the plant to make a range of products from full spectrum CBD oil to CBD vape e liquid to textile. If you grow organic hemp, you’ll have a wider range of options available to you. It’s sensible to secure contracts with buyers as soon as possible so you know you have a destination for your product.
Legal Issues with Hemp
Hemp contains very low levels of the psychoactive substance THC at just 0.3 percent or less, but growing it to produce CBD had been outlawed by the Federal Government for a long time. The 2018 Farm Act changed this and made hemp and CBD oil products legal at the federal level. You will need to get in touch with relevant agencies to make yourself aware of compliance expectations when growing hemp. In order to grow hemp legally, you must make sure your crop contains no more than 0.3% THC.
Some states require hemp farmers to register and obtain a permit before they start operating. To find out whether this applies to you, you can check here. You may also need to provide proof that your crops will only be processed in your home state. If you intend to supply to customers outside your state, there may be various laws and restrictions which could affect trading.
Where to buy Hemp CBD Oil
You can buy hemp CBD oil on True Best CBD. Here at True Best CBD, we offer legal and affordable CBD products. We have full spectrum oils, isolate oils, full spectrum capsules, isolate capsules, and vape e liquid CBD products for sale.
The Bottom Line on Hemp and CBD Oil
Getting started with a hemp farming business is time-consuming and takes considerable effort. However, there’s a lot of money to be made if you do things properly. Contacting the proper agencies and following specific guidelines to the “T” will help you keep business booming. If you do things the wrong way, then it will catch up to you eventually.